Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Cause
Sexual contact with a person who has gonorrhea or chlamydia is a common cause for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Women who have multiple sexual partners or partners with symptoms of chlamydia or gonorrhea infections are at a higher risk for PID.
Usually the cervix prevents the spread of bacteria into the internal organs. But when the cervix gets infected with an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease), disease-causing bacteria travel up the internal organs and damage the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and abdomen. Bacteria present in the vagina and cervix can also have a precipitating effect on the Pelvic Inflammation. Usually multiple organisms are responsible for a bout of PID.
Spreading of the infection can lead to further inflammation and scarring. PID can occur after a surgical procedure such as D and C (Dilation and Curettage), insertion of IUD (Intra Uterine Device) or treatment of an abnormal Pap smear. PID can lead to infertility in some of the cases. PID leads to an increased chance of tubal or ectopic pregnancy. PID causes changes in the normal anatomy of the genital tract. The risk of ectopic pregnancy is increased on account of the partial blockage or distortion of the fallopian tubes due to infection.