Nutrition and Supplements
Eat whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and fatty fish or help reduce inflammation. Avoid processed foods and foods high in sugar and fat. The following supplements may help.
Glucosamine sulfate (500 mg two or three times a day) -- Glucosamine is a substance that is found in cartilage, the tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. There is mixed evidence that suggests it may help treat the pain of osteoarthritis, and it may also help reduce inflammation in bursitis. Glucosamine is considered safe to take.
Omega-3 fatty acids (1,000 mg two or three times a day), such as fish oil or flaxseed oil. Although evidence is mixed on whether fish oil helps reduce inflammation, it seems to reduce the amount of inflammatory chemicals your body produces over time.
Vitamin C with flavonoids (250 - 3,000 mg two times a day), to help repair connective tissue (such as cartilage).
Bromelain (250 mg twice a day), an enzyme derived from pineapples, reduces inflammation. Bromelain may increase the risk of bleeding, so people who take anticoagulants (blood thinners) should not take bromelain without talking to their doctor first. People with peptic ulcers should avoid bromelain. Turmeric is sometimes combined with bromelain, because it increases the effects of bromelain.